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climate of india


The Himalayas isolate South Asia from the rest of Asia. South of these mountains, the climate, like the terrain, is highly diverse, but some geographers give it an overall, one-word characterization--violent. What geographers have in mind is the abruptness of change and the intensity of effect when change occurs--the onset of the monsoon rains, sudden flooding, rapid erosion, extremes of temperature, tropical storms, and unpredictable fluctuations in rainfall.

Summer Season : The duration of summer in India is from March to June. It is mildly pleasant in March, a bit uncomfortable in April, hot in May and scorching in June. The temperature in the plains of northern India can go upto 45o Celsius. The southern region is equally hot. This is the time when people pack their bags and head off to the hills and valleys where it is relatively cooler.

Monsoons : The Monsoon season in India usually lasts from the month of June to that of September. During this time, most of the areas in the country get their share of rainfall, which leaves a hue of greenery in its wake. The South West Monsoon enters India through the coast of Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands and passing through Mumbai, central India and eastern India, reaches other parts of North and N West India. During the months of October to November, some parts of South India experience rains in the form of the northeast monsoon.

Winter Season : The winters in India can get really chilly. It becomes bone chilling during the months of November to February. The northern part of India experiences harsh weather conditions with cold wave sweeping almost entire northern regions and central parts of India. The hilly areas experience sub-zero temperature conditions.