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India Fact

India, also referred as Bharat or Hindustan, the largest democracy in the world, is a land of unparalleled majesty, comparable in size to entire continent of Europe, and home of nearly 16% of the world population. Although modern images of India often show poverty and lack of development, India was the richest country on earth until the time of the British in the early 17th century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by her wealth. Historian Elphinstone said: "The Hindu kingdoms overthrown by Muslims were so wealthy that the historians tire of telling of the immense loot of jewels and coins captured by the invaders." Numerous countries have plundered the wealth of India. It is not just the material wealth that makes India rich. The achievements, history, culture and geography all are part of this richness. People throughout the ages admired the richness of India. French scholar Romain Rolland said: "If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India."

The peninsula of India, with an area of over 3.3 million sq. km, is separated from mainland Asia by the Himalayan Mountain ranges. India lies to the north of the equator between 8 4' and 37 6' north latitude and 68 7' and 97 25' east longitude. It is bounded on the south west by the Arabian Sea and on the south east by the Bay of Bengal. On the north, north east and north west lie the Himalayan ranges. Kanyakumari constitutes the southern tip of the Indian peninsula where it gets narrower and narrower, loses itself into the Indian Ocean.